2018 fourth hottest year on record

11 February, 2019, 00:56 | Author: Tara Reeves
  • Earth’s long-term warming trend can be seen in this visualization of NASA’s global temperature record which shows how the planet’s temperatures are changing over time compared to a baseline average from 1951 to 1980. The record is shown as a runni

The temperature a year ago were 0.83 degrees Celsius warmer than the 1951 to 1980 mean, according to NASA.

According to experts, throughout the 21st century, the difference between the global temperature of the Earth and the ocean reached new historical highs on five occasions (2005, 2010, 2014, 2015 and 2016). Collectively the four years are the warmest recorded since 1880.

Schmidt said that 2018 was "quite clearly the fourth warmest year on record and it was probably warmer than many hundreds of years before that".

Since record keeping began in the 1880s, the average global surface temperature has risen around 2 degrees Fahrenheit (1 degree Celsius). This, according to scientists, is a result of the continuing warming trend caused by the excess emission of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. Greenland ice sheets continue to suffer mass loss, which together with similar ice sheet loss in Antarctica, contributed to sea level rise.

Everywhere in the world, the warmer temperature means extreme weather events, including stronger and more frequent hurricanes.

Using computer simulations, the British weather office forecast s that the next five years will average somewhere between 58.51 and 59.49 degrees (14.73 to 15.27 Celsius). "That means kids graduating from high school have only known a world of record-breaking temperatures".

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On Wednesday, Feb. 6, scientists from NASA and NOAA issued their analysis of the global climate, including its economic impact, in 2018. Though there are minor variations from year to year, all five temperature records show peaks and valleys in sync with each other.

According to Schmidt, proof of this warming trend can be seen right here in the United States with flooding in and disastrous hurricanes like Matthew and Florence.

"If there was no warming of average temperatures, there would be about an even chance of a daily record high maximum or daily record low minimum occurring", said Meehl, who was not involved in the report. NASA figures its data is accurate within 0.1 degrees Fahrenheit with a 95% certainty level.

NOAA scientists used much of the same raw temperature data, but with a different baseline period and different interpolation into the Earth's polar and other data poor regions.

WMO also released a report on Wednesday that the globally averaged temperature in 2018 was about 0.38 degrees Celsius above the 1981 to 2010 long-term average.

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