Carbon Emission Thrice As Large Than Expected Due To Tourism
10 May, 2018, 06:53 | Author: Tara Reeves
The study, which did not distinguish between business travel and tourism, found that domestic travel accounts for the majority of these carbon footprints. Earther points out that, "Co-author Ya-Yen Sun of the University of Queensland told Earther via email, those estimates didn't consider direct or indirect emissions from the supply chains that support tourism".
Looking at its full "life cycle", the researchers calculated that carbon emissions from tourism increased 15 percent in five years from 2009 to 4.5 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent, a measure that also takes into account other greenhouse gases such as methane.
One of the main beneficiaries of the global tourism market, a popular island resorts, the first to feel the effects of global warming, but not reduce the emission of greenhouse gases; on the contrary, the more tourists they attract, the more you have to bring food, fuel and other goods, transport them across the ocean again leads to an increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
"The researchers also looked at the impacts in both the countries where tourists came from and where they travelled".
Increasing global tourism by people from China-the world's top tourism spender-is also spurring tourism emissions, though the biggest source of emissions comes from people visiting the United States and USA citizens jetting off to other parts of the world.
"It's likely that these destinations that we love are going to undergo drastic changes in coming years if we don't protect them".
When richer people travel they tend to spend more on higher carbon transportation, food and pursuits says Dr Malik.
In 2016, however, 191 countries struck a deal - voluntary until 2027 - under which the aviation industry would curb most of its greenhouse emissions after 2020 by diverting about two percent of its revenue to reforestation and other carbon-reducing projects. Their tourism industry makes up 80 percent of their annual emissions. This list, however, also included several emerging countries, including China, India, Mexico, and Brazil, which placed second, fourth, fifth, and sixth, respectively.
High-income countries were responsible for most of the tourism carbon footprint with the U.S. producing the biggest share of emissions overall. "We'd really like to see the industry step up".
"Experts say that offsetting, where tourists spend money on planting trees to mitigate their carbon footprint will have to increase, despite reservations about its effectiveness". The WTTC say that the recent water crisis in Cape Town has also helped people recognise that changes in climate can impact resources like water.
A carbon pollution abatement that covered environmental costs, for example, would tack on an additional $425 (360 euros) to offset emissions from a round-trip flight from Sydney to London, the authors calculated. "All of this will empower tourists to make better decisions and only through those better decisions that we'll be able to tackle the issue of climate change", she contended.
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